With a growing market-based economy and people going after a consumerist culture, we are facing a challenge of unmanageable waste generation. Though, solid waste generated in rural areas is predominantly organic and biodegradable, it is becoming a major problem as the waste generated is not segregated in-situ and is of the order of 0.3 to 0.4 million metric tons per day, as reported by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS), Government of India.
Lack of on-site segregation practices and functional waste collection and decentralized disposal systems at the panchayat level
Challenge to provide a proper channel of on-site segregation, collection and scientific processing of waste with no/less funds available for managing operations
Low resource recovery from waste
Lack of decentralised technologies for the recovery of high value resources from the collected waste makes it difficult for the gram panchayats to develop a sustainable waste management model in the village
No standard SWM model available for replication
With a diversity in the nature of villages and mental makeup of Panchayat functionaries, one single SWM model cannot work in all the 2,38,617 Gram Panchayats in India.